SpaceLink Investor Presentation and Update
The Communications Superhighway for the Space Economy 27 October 2021 Disclaimer 1 2 This document (Presentation) is confidential and provided by SpaceLink Corporation ( SpaceLink ) solely on the basis that you ( Recipient ) agree in favour of SpaceLink, Electro Optic Systems Holdings Limited and each of their respective related bodies corporate (as defined in the Corporations Act 2001 ( Cth ) ( Corporations Act )), affiliates, securityholders and advisers (Advisers), and their respective directors, officers, employees, partners, representatives, agents, advisers and consultants (together, the Limited Parties ) to be bound by the following terms and conditions. If you are not the intended recipient of this Presentation, or if you do not agree to be bound by the following terms and conditions, please notify Space Lin k immediately and destroy or return to SpaceLink all copies of this Presentation, whether held in electronic or printed form or otherwise. 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None SpaceLink nor any other Limited Parties act, or are responsible, as a fiduciary to any recipient of this Presentation or to any directors, officers, employees, affiliates, partners, representatives, consultants, agents, advisers, securityholders , creditors or any other person. You and each of SpaceLink and the other Limited Parties expressly disclaim any fiduciary rel ati onship. Disclaimer 2 3 The Presentation contains summary information about SpaceLink, Electro Optic Systems Holdings Limited and the industries in w hic h they operate. The information in the Presentation does not purport to be complete and is subject to change without notice. The views expressed in this Presentation contain information tha t has been derived from publicly available sources that have not been independently verified. Neither SpaceLink nor any of the other Limited Parties has carried out due diligence investigations i n c onnection with the preparation of the Presentation, nor has any such party verified the contents of the Presentation. The Presentation contains certain 'forward - looking statements'. Forward - looking statements can generally be identified by the us e of forward - looking terminology, including, without limitation, the terms 'believes', 'estimates', 'anticipates', 'expects', 'predicts', 'outlook', 'guidance', 'plans', 'intends', 'should', 'co uld ', 'may', 'will', 'would', 'upside', 'likely', 'target' and other similar expressions. Forward - looking statements speak only as at the date hereof and include statements about SpaceLink's expectations regarding the performance of its business and its plans, strategies, prospects and outlook. 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Given this, Recipients are strongly cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward - looking statements, particularly in light of the current economic climate a nd the significant volatility, uncertainty and disruption caused by the COVID - 19 pandemic. The Presentation includes certain financial measures that are not recognised under the Australian Accounting Standards and are considered 'non - IFRS financial measures' under Regulatory Guide 230 Disclosing non - IFRS financial information, published by ASIC and 'non - GAAP financial measures' under Regulation G of the U.S. Se curities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended ( Non - IFRS Financial Measures ). Because Non - IFRS Financial Measures are not defined by the recognised body of accounting standards, they do not have a prescribed meaning and the way that SpaceLink calculates them may be different to the way that other companies calculate similarly - titled measures. Examples of Non - IFRS Financial Measures th at SpaceLink uses to manage and report on its business include, without limitation, EBITDA, EBITDA margin and SAM. Non - IFRS Financial Measures should be considered in addition to, and not as s ubstitutes for or superior to, financial measures of financial performance or financial position prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards. In addition, the P res entation contains pro forma financial information reflecting certain adjustments to historical, reported financial information of SpaceLink to reflect the performance of SpaceLink's business. The assumptions used in preparing the pro forma financial information may not be realised , and other factors may affect the financial condition and results of operations of SpaceLink. 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None of SpaceLink's securities have been, or will be, registered under the U.S. Securities Act, and no securities may be offered or sold, directl y or indirectly, in the United States unless they have been registered under the U.S. Securities Act or are offered and sold pursuant to an ex emp tion from, or in a transaction not subject to, the registration requirements of the U.S. Securities Act and any other applicable state securities laws. The Presentation is not, and does not constitute, a prospectus, product disclosure statement, or offering document or other f orm of disclosure document under Australian law (or any other law) and does not contain all the information which would be required to be disclosed in a prospectus, product disclosure statement, o r o ther offering document or other form of disclosure document under Australian law (or any other law). The Presentation has been provided for information purposes only. The Presentation is gene ral information only and does not take into account a Recipient’s individual investment objectives, taxation position, financial situation or needs and must not be relied on to make an invest men t decision. Any reliance placed on the Presentation, and any use of the Presentation, by a Recipient is solely at their own risk. Recipients of the Presentation should seek and rely upon their own ind ependent review, investigation and analysis and obtain any taxation, legal, financial or other professional advice in relation to the Presentation as appropriate to the Recipient’s jurisdiction. All dollar values are in US dollars unless stated otherwise. A number of figures, amounts, percentages, estimates, calculations of value and fractions in this Presentation are subject to th e effect of rounding. Accordingly, the actual calculation of these figures may differ from the figures set out in the Presentation. • Build and Operate a Constellation of Medium - Earth Orbit (“MEO”) Satellites • Solves Many of the Challenges of Low - Earth Orbit (“LEO”) Satellites by Providing Continuous, On - Demand and Secure Connectivity to Chosen Ground Locations • Solution Focused on the Highest Value Commercial - to - Government and Defense & Government Markets • Competitive Advantages from Spectrum Allocation and Optical Technology • Attractive Financial Profile with Positive FCF Generation beginning in 2024 and strong project IRRs Targeted Initial Launch: 2024 SpaceLink’s Communication Superhighway 4 SAM: $26bn through 2029 1 Employees Today: 30 Customers in Pipeline 2 : ~200 1 Northern Sky Research – EOSDS Project – Relay Data Traffic Market, 29 May 2020, p. 12 2 Customers in pipeline are not binding contracts Source: SpaceLink Management SpaceLink Senior Executive Team Proven Experience in the Space & Satellite Sector Rob Singh CTO David Bettinger CEO Larry Rubin COO Tony Colucci CSO, CCO David Lihani General Counsel 5 Alan Khalili CFO Source: SpaceLink Management. SPACE & COMMUNICATIONS SPACE & COMMUNICATIONS 6 Rapid Expansion of Satellites in LEO… LEO by the Numbers LEO is the Orbit of Choice for Legacy and New Space Players 2006 ~$10K per kg 2020 ~$3K per kg Launch Costs Are Plummeting… 1 …Satellites In Orbit Are Increasing… 2 2020A 3K+ …Space TAM Will Be Immense 3 2030E 50K+ 2020A $350bn 2040E $1tn Sources: 1 SpaceLink Management Estimates 2 https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/aerospace - and - defense/our - insights/large - leo - satellite - constellations - will - it - be - different - this - time 3 https://www.morganstanley.com/ideas/investing - in - space … But the LEO Constellations Have a Problem A bottleneck in getting their traffic from space to ground Spectrum is a Limited Resource Satellites Connected to the Ground Less Than 10% of the Time Hard to Land Data Where Needed Commercial User: Landing locations not mission critical Geostationary Orbit Low Earth Orbit Satellite Operators Need to Coordinate Spectrum Use Majority of RF Spectrum Already Utilized; Especially near popular ground stations Ground Station LEO satellites are close to earth, moving fast and hence connected to the ground only <10% of the time 1 7 2 3 Source: SpaceLink Management. Military User: Data must land in secure locations SpaceLink Helps Remove the LEO Bottleneck Unlocks and Enables New Applications Continuous Connectivity to the Ground High Bandwidth, Low Latency Secure Download Locations • Serves connectivity needs of lower orbits, who can connect and download data at any time – no need to be in view of a ground station • High speed optical links are not subject to spectrum congestion – 10x - 100x faster than traditional RF • Data can be relayed between satellites to land only in desired countries and not pass through foreign territory SpaceLink Unlocks Value for Customers’ Businesses Real - time Tasking, Real - time Download and 100% Access Time 1 Maximizes the Value of Orbital Assets while also providing Connectivity Resiliency Customer LEO Satellites can always see at least one MEO Satellite Customers in Low Earth Orbit Medium Earth Orbit Ground Station 1 8 2 3 Source: SpaceLink Management. 1 Service provided under Service Level Agreements that provide for outages SpaceLink System Architecture Delivers a High Value Proposition ? Animation below shows a spacecraft in orbit performing its mission, linking to its ground station for data downlink and tasking ? 6% access time for each orbit pass, limited data throughput, and up to 8 - hour gap between passes/data transfer ? Realtime Downlink : Customer data becomes much more valuable ? Realtime Tasking : Can task satellites to changing conditions ? 100% Access Time : Greatly increased productivity of on - orbit assets 1 Without SpaceLink: Hours - long Link Gaps With SpaceLink: Continuous & Secure Downlink Capability 9 Source: SpaceLink Management. https://vimeo.com/541694019/71da7a85a5 1 Service provided under Service Level Agreements that provide for outages System Architecture 10 Constellation Four relay communication nodes deployed in MEO Constellation capacity can be increased with additional satellites Space Segment Relay communications satellites deployed with RF and optical intersatellite links providing full coverage to LEO clients and continuous access for gateway network Ground Segment Gateway network deployed globally with sites including U.S., Australia, and Europe tied to a U.S. Network Operations Center User Terminals Client users are in LEO space, with terminals operating in RF or Optical, always in view of SpaceLink relay satellites Network & Control Cloud - based network management and signal processing for secure and reliable communications Integrated Network Delivers Resilient and Secure Service SpaceLink Network Components Illustrative Network Overview 11 US Gateway ISS US Customer Operations Centers AF Gateway SA Gateway Space Link MEO Relay Satellites (x4) Inter - Satellite Link Continuous/Real - Time Tasking & Data Return Source: SpaceLink Management. Payload 4+ optical heads with on - board digital processor for in - space routing and mapping between optical and RF Spacecraft Platform Flight - proven MEO platform with 10+ years of operational lifetime Launch Compatible with various launch providers; can fit multiple satellites per launch vehicle Satellite Specifications Illustration of SpaceLink MEO Satellite 12 Source: SpaceLink Management . Satellite Manufacturer Contract Awarded to OHB RF antennas provide backward compatibility for LEO satellites that do not yet have optical terminals Optical terminals communicate with LEO satellites and provide connectivity between SpaceLink’s MEO satellites “Off the Shelf” spacecraft platform: High technology readiness level and minimal new development required Satellite Manufacturer Selected ? RFI completed in April/May 2021. Formal RFP process for satellite procurement with preeminent satellite manufacturers now concluded ? OHB Selected in Sep 2021 for >US$300m award SpaceLink ’s Spectrum is a Critical Backbone Enables customers to transition from today’s RF communications to future optical technology Significant Block of Spectrum Bolsters Optical Links 13 SpaceLink Spectrum Allocation is Key for Data Service, Emergency Telemetry, and Tracking & Control • Optical links support Space - to - Space communications • RF links are used for Space - to - Ground communications • Spectrum license is a critical backbone to customer confidence, enabling customers to transition from today’s RF to the future optical communications • EOS is currently developing technology to also allow Space - to - Ground via optical links • Spectrum rights cover an extensive block of 21 GHz Key Differentiators • Fusion of industry - leading RF domain expertise with the leading team in optical space technology • Management team has proven experience in the space and satellite industry, at both established aerospace companies as well as new ventures • Optical technology drives down cost - per - bandwidth • Optical communications can gain even more efficiency • Major reductions in cost - per - bandwidth drive market acceptance and expansion • Patent and IP portfolio represents 25 years R&D • Key patents covering the transition from Radio Frequency to optical communications • Secured allocated spectrum license of 21 GHz for Space - to - Ground Communications • Critical for enabling customers to transition to optical from today’s RF Spectrum License Patented Technology Expertise Future - Proof Business 14 Source: SpaceLink Management. SpaceLink is in a Position of Strength vs. Competitors 15 Full LEO Coverage for On - Demand Service Large Number of Simultaneous Links Ability to Relay and Land Signal in Country of Choice Supports High Speed Optical Technology Source: SpaceLink Management. Ground Established Commercial Space Government Systems New Entrants New entrants lack attractive US Government solutions, and are mostly in inefficient orbits (GEO, LEO) Market Opportunity 16 SpaceLink Addresses The Highest Value Customer Base Commercial Service Providers to Government and Direct to Government Direct to Government NASA NOAA National Reconnaissance Office U.S. Dept. of Defense Defense Intelligence Agency National Security Agency National Geospatial Intelligence Agency Space & Missile Systems Center SpaceLink augments and replaces U.S. Government TDRSS and provides resiliency + security for classified assets Allied and Coalition Governments Commercial to Government SpaceLink increases the value of commercial satellite imagery with real - time, secure relay services Clearspace 17 Source: SpaceLink Management. Consumer - Focused Broadband LEO Networks ( SpaceX , Amazon, Telesat ) are Adjacent to SpaceLink – ?Neither Customers nor Competitors? SpaceLink SAM in High - Value Segments Earth Observation Human Spaceflight U.S. Intelligence Community U.S. and Allied DODs Source: SpaceLink Management, market sizes from NSR report. 18 Key applications include disaster management, climate and environmental monitoring Mission critical communication related to military missions, such as unmanned aerial programs, and need for high - capacity to meet growing demand Surge in human spaceflight by private / public entities drives demand for mission - critical data monitoring Growing number of satellites in creates a need for real - time data relay for satellite repairs in space Unmet security need for data security and resilience to support acquisition and transferring of time - critical information Key Government Segments: $15.2bn through 2029 Select Commercial Segments: $10.5bn through 2029 On - Orbit Servicing Secular Tailwinds Driving 20%+ CAGR over Next Decade • Data - intensive applications in space are growing exponentially: Increasing use of high - resolution imagery, environmental monitoring, human spaceflight passenger safety and communications 19 • Demand growing for high throughput, real - time data delivery to U.S. soil from global sites • Agencies are now moving towards relying on private companies to provide this capability • The Five Eyes 2 D&G segment alone is a $6.3bn 3 market opportunity in 2024?, and SpaceLink is ideally positioned to participate Direct to Government Totals $15.2bn through 2029 1 Commercial to Government Totals $10.5bn through 2029 1 $299 $255 $466 $733 $903 $1,064 $1,199 $1,293 $1,343 $1,450 $1,493 $410 $561 $683 $966 $1,037 $1,108 $1,143 $2,019 $1,978 $2,187 $3,060 $709 $816 $1,149 $1,699 $1,940 $2,172 $2,342 $3,312 $3,321 $3,637 $4,553 $0 $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 2019A 2020A 2021E 2022E 2023E 2024E 2025E 2026E 2027E 2028E 2029E Commercial Government Total 1 Northern Sky Research – EOSDS Project – Relay Data Traffic Market, 29 May 2020, p. 12 2 Five Eyes is an intelligence alliance comprising Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States. 3 Five Eyes data from industry sources, market research, and SpaceLink estimates Source: SpaceLink Management Market Demand 2019 - 2029 1 , $ m Cumulative Commercial: $10.5 bn Government: $15.2 bn Total: $25.7 bn ? Total pipeline of ~200 opportunities valued at US$1.7bn pa un - risked ? 48 priority opportunities ~$ 190m pa risk - weighted, well in excess of cash breakeven point? ? Awarded contract by the manager of the International Space Station (ISS), the Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS ), to provide a demonstration on the ISS. Likely to proceed to commercial service on the ISS following successful demonstration? ? Competing for NASA Communications Services Project (CSP) procurement, which will replace the ageing TDRSS service used by NASA, with awards expected Q4 2021 / Q1 2022? – TDRSS costs NASA US$240m pa to run and delivers up to 1Gbps capacity compared to SpaceLink’s launch capacity of 140Gbps? ? Strong pipeline of MoUs and other opportunities. Expect to start converting to binding commercial contracts following announcement of satellite manufacture contract and key vendors? ? Customer interest and demand stronger than expected driving potential for economic upside relative to base case? 20 SpaceLink Customer Update 64% 7% 13% 16% Commercial Defense Intelligence Community Civil Space 48 Priority Opportunities = $ 190m pa risk - weighted Share by Segment Financial Overview 21 ? Total funding requirement = circa US$700m – Less than previous estimates of US$800 - 1,000m despite acceleration of technology straight to hybrid RF - optical configuration – OHB selected as satellite manufacturer in contract of >US$300m with a 30 month build in time to meet June 2024 “Bring - Into - Use” deadline – Space segment approximately half of funding requirement ? Constellation expected to be launched and operational in 2024 with positive operating cash flow – Capex for subsequent constellations expected to be lower as only the space segment needs replicating – Satellite life expected to be 12 years before de - commissioning ? Project IRR > 35% – Project funding to be staged in order to maximize value realisation for EOS shareholders SpaceLink Economics 22 SpaceLink Indicative P&L 23 • First constellation of 4 satellites (Block 1) launches in 2024. Circa US$700m funding requirement • Additional constellations of 4 satellites launch in 2028 (Block 2), and 2030 (Block 3), each with 4 spacecraft, funded out of SpaceLink cash flow • Revenue is expected to grow from $ 90m in 2024E to $ 590m in 2026E driven by increasing utilization of SpaceLink’s capacity • Operating Expenses assumes total headcount of 30 employees as of September 2021, ramping up to 126 employees by April 2024 • EBITDA margin begins as ~49% in 2024E and increases to ~ 78% by 2026E • Valuation highly sensitive to discount rate, which should reduce as milestones are achieved and the project de - risks. Ultimately SpaceLink should be viewed as core infrastructure Source: SpaceLink Management Estimates $m Discount rate 8% 10% 15% 20% Terminal growth rate 0.0% 6,490 4,430 1,966 950 1.0% 7,146 4,753 2,044 975 2.0% 8,020 5,156 2,135 1,003 3.0% 9,245 5,675 2,241 1,035 Discounted Cash Flow Valuation ? Total funding requirement = circa US$700m – Debt / Project Finance of circa US$300m, so US$400m of equity required ? Tranche 1 financing proposed through SpaceLink Pre - IPO Convertible Note – OHB intends to invest US$25m as cornerstone of tranche 1 – Discussions underway with other potential investors to complete tranche 1 – Indicative Terms (currently incomplete and subject to negotiation ): ? SpaceLink issued pre - IPO convertible note, 18 month maturity, Zero coupon ? Convertible into SpaceLink shares at IPO at 20% discount to IPO price subject to valuation cap of US$500mm ? Redeemable for cash or EOS shares in certain circumstances, including if IPO not achieved, at up to a 25% premium to face value at EOS option ? SpaceLink could potentially access a variety of additional sources to meet funding requirements if necessary – IPO / SPAC transaction (discussions underway) – Private Equity round and sell - down of equity interest (discussions underway) – Debt / project finance from Export Credit Agencies and tier one banks (discussions underway) – EOS parental contributions from cash flow 24 SpaceLink Funding Strategy Funding to Secure Program Schedule and Generate Market Momentum 25 Design Build Launch Now through Q1 2022 Q1 2022 through end of 2023 Commenc e Operations in 2024 ? Construction of satellites, build - out of ground network and initial User Terminal installations ? Launch of satellites, in - orbit testing , launch of operations Secure Program Schedule • OHB chosen as satellite manufacturer (>$300m contract value) • Satellite construction has now commenced, including key components of payload (optical terminals and on - board processor) • Long - lead items ordered • Sign contract with launch provider • Sign gateway equipment provider and secure initial site leases in U.S. and Australia Design User Terminals • Design & Test Initial Customer Terminals (RF and Optical) • Deliver First Terminals to Early Adopters Generate Commercial Momentum • Sign study/initial phase contracts with government customers • Sign LOIs and capacity commitments with early adopter commercial customers ? Design all sub - systems, secure program schedule, and sign initial customers 1 2 3 The Communications Superhighway for the Space Economy
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